PolynomialExpansion
This documentation is for an unreleased version of Apache Flink Machine Learning Library. We recommend you use the latest stable version.

PolynomialExpansion #

A Transformer that expands the input vectors in polynomial space.

Take a 2-dimension vector as an example: (x, y), if we want to expand it with degree 2, then we get (x, x * x, y, x * y, y * y).

For more information about the polynomial expansion, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polynomial_expansion.

Input Columns #

Param name Type Default Description
inputCol Vector "input" Vectors to be expanded.

Output Columns #

Param name Type Default Description
outputCol Vector "output" Expanded vectors.

Parameters #

Key Default Type Required Description
inputCol "input" String no Input column name.
outputCol "output" String no Output column name.
degree 2 Integer no Degree of the polynomial expansion.

Examples #

import org.apache.flink.ml.feature.polynomialexpansion.PolynomialExpansion;
import org.apache.flink.ml.linalg.Vector;
import org.apache.flink.ml.linalg.Vectors;
import org.apache.flink.streaming.api.datastream.DataStream;
import org.apache.flink.streaming.api.environment.StreamExecutionEnvironment;
import org.apache.flink.table.api.Table;
import org.apache.flink.table.api.bridge.java.StreamTableEnvironment;
import org.apache.flink.types.Row;
import org.apache.flink.util.CloseableIterator;

/** Simple program that creates a PolynomialExpansion instance and uses it for feature engineering. */
public class PolynomialExpansionExample {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		StreamExecutionEnvironment env = StreamExecutionEnvironment.getExecutionEnvironment();
		StreamTableEnvironment tEnv = StreamTableEnvironment.create(env);

		// Generates input data.
		DataStream<Row> inputStream =
			env.fromElements(
				Row.of(Vectors.dense(2.1, 3.1, 1.2)),
				Row.of(Vectors.dense(1.2, 3.1, 4.6)));
		Table inputTable = tEnv.fromDataStream(inputStream).as("inputVec");

		// Creates a PolynomialExpansion object and initializes its parameters.
		PolynomialExpansion polynomialExpansion =
			new PolynomialExpansion().setInputCol("inputVec").setDegree(2).setOutputCol("outputVec");

		// Uses the PolynomialExpansion object for feature transformations.
		Table outputTable = polynomialExpansion.transform(inputTable)[0];

		// Extracts and displays the results.
		for (CloseableIterator<Row> it = outputTable.execute().collect(); it.hasNext(); ) {
			Row row = it.next();

			Vector inputValue = (Vector) row.getField(polynomialExpansion.getInputCol());

			Vector outputValue = (Vector) row.getField(polynomialExpansion.getOutputCol());

			System.out.printf("Input Value: %s \tOutput Value: %s\n", inputValue, outputValue);
		}
	}
}

# Simple program that creates a PolynomialExpansion instance and uses it for feature
# engineering.

from pyflink.common import Types
from pyflink.datastream import StreamExecutionEnvironment
from pyflink.ml.core.linalg import Vectors, DenseVectorTypeInfo
from pyflink.ml.lib.feature.polynomialexpansion import PolynomialExpansion
from pyflink.table import StreamTableEnvironment

# create a new StreamExecutionEnvironment
env = StreamExecutionEnvironment.get_execution_environment()

# create a StreamTableEnvironment
t_env = StreamTableEnvironment.create(env)

# generate input data
input_data_table = t_env.from_data_stream(
    env.from_collection([
        (1, Vectors.dense(2.1, 3.1, 1.2, 2.1)),
        (2, Vectors.dense(2.3, 2.1, 1.3, 1.2)),
    ],
        type_info=Types.ROW_NAMED(
            ['id', 'input_vec'],
            [Types.INT(), DenseVectorTypeInfo()])))

# create a polynomial expansion object and initialize its parameters
polynomialExpansion = PolynomialExpansion() \
    .set_input_col('input_vec') \
    .set_degree(2) \
    .set_output_col('output_vec')

# use the polynomial expansion model for feature engineering
output = polynomialExpansion.transform(input_data_table)[0]

# extract and display the results
field_names = output.get_schema().get_field_names()
for result in t_env.to_data_stream(output).execute_and_collect():
    input_value = result[field_names.index(polynomialExpansion.get_input_col())]
    output_value = result[field_names.index(polynomialExpansion.get_output_col())]
    print('Input Value: ' + str(input_value) + '\tOutput Value: ' + str(output_value))