Amazon S3 #
Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) provides cloud object storage for a variety of use cases. You can use S3 with Flink for reading and writing data as well in conjunction with the streaming state backends.
You can use S3 objects like regular files by specifying paths in the following format:
The endpoint can either be a single file or a directory, for example:
// Read from S3 bucket env.readTextFile("s3://<bucket>/<endpoint>"); // Write to S3 bucket stream.writeAsText("s3://<bucket>/<endpoint>"); // Use S3 as checkpoint storage env.getCheckpointConfig().setCheckpointStorage("s3://<your-bucket>/<endpoint>");
Note that these examples are not exhaustive and you can use S3 in other places as well, including your high availability setup or the EmbeddedRocksDBStateBackend; everywhere that Flink expects a FileSystem URI (unless otherwise stated).
For most use cases, you may use one of our
flink-s3-fs-presto S3 filesystem plugins which are self-contained and easy to set up.
For some cases, however, e.g., for using S3 as YARN’s resource storage dir, it may be necessary to set up a specific Hadoop S3 filesystem implementation.
Hadoop/Presto S3 File Systems plugins #
You don’t have to configure this manually if you are running Flink on EMR.
Flink provides two file systems to talk to Amazon S3,
Both implementations are self-contained with no dependency footprint, so there is no need to add Hadoop to the classpath to use them.
flink-s3-fs-presto, registered under the scheme s3:// and s3p://, is based on code from the Presto project. You can configure it using the same configuration keys as the Presto file system, by adding the configurations to your
flink-conf.yaml. The Presto S3 implementation is the recommended file system for checkpointing to S3.
flink-s3-fs-hadoop, registered under s3:// and s3a://, based on code from the Hadoop Project. The file system can be configured using Hadoop’s s3a configuration keys by adding the configurations to your
For example, Hadoop has a
fs.s3a.connection.maximumconfiguration key. If you want to change it, you need to put
s3.connection.maximum: xyzto the
flink-conf.yaml. Flink will internally translate this back to
fs.s3a.connection.maximum. There is no need to pass configuration parameters using Hadoop’s XML configuration files.
It is the only S3 file system with support for the FileSystem.
flink-s3-fs-presto register default FileSystem
wrappers for URIs with the s3:// scheme,
flink-s3-fs-hadoop also registers
for s3a:// and
flink-s3-fs-presto also registers for s3p://, so you can
use this to use both at the same time.
For example, the job uses the FileSystem which only supports Hadoop, but uses Presto for checkpointing.
In this case, you should explicitly use s3a:// as a scheme for the sink (Hadoop) and s3p:// for checkpointing (Presto).
flink-s3-fs-presto, copy the respective JAR file from the
opt directory to the
plugins directory of your Flink distribution before starting Flink, e.g.
mkdir ./plugins/s3-fs-presto cp ./opt/flink-s3-fs-presto-1.17.0.jar ./plugins/s3-fs-presto/
Configure Access Credentials #
After setting up the S3 FileSystem wrapper, you need to make sure that Flink is allowed to access your S3 buckets.
Identity and Access Management (IAM) (Recommended) #
The recommended way of setting up credentials on AWS is via Identity and Access Management (IAM). You can use IAM features to securely give Flink instances the credentials that they need to access S3 buckets. Details about how to do this are beyond the scope of this documentation. Please refer to the AWS user guide. What you are looking for are IAM Roles.
If you set this up correctly, you can manage access to S3 within AWS and don’t need to distribute any access keys to Flink.
Access Keys (Discouraged) #
Access to S3 can be granted via your access and secret key pair. Please note that this is discouraged since the introduction of IAM roles.
You need to configure both
s3.secret-key in Flink’s
s3.access-key: your-access-key s3.secret-key: your-secret-key
Configure Non-S3 Endpoint #
The S3 Filesystems also support using S3 compliant object stores such as IBM’s Cloud Object Storage and MinIO.
To do so, configure your endpoint in
Configure Path Style Access #
Some S3 compliant object stores might not have virtual host style addressing enabled by default, for example when using Standalone MinIO for testing purpose. In such cases, you will have to provide the property to enable path style access in
Entropy injection for S3 file systems #
The bundled S3 file systems (
flink-s3-fs-hadoop) support entropy injection. Entropy injection is
a technique to improve the scalability of AWS S3 buckets through adding some random characters near the beginning of the key.
If entropy injection is activated, a configured substring in the path is replaced with random characters. For example, path
s3://my-bucket/_entropy_/checkpoints/dashboard-job/ would be replaced by something like
This only happens when the file creation passes the option to inject entropy!
Otherwise, the file path removes the entropy key substring entirely. See FileSystem.create(Path, WriteOption)
The Flink runtime currently passes the option to inject entropy only to checkpoint data files. All other files, including checkpoint metadata and external URI, do not inject entropy to keep checkpoint URIs predictable.
To enable entropy injection, configure the entropy key and the entropy length parameters.
s3.entropy.key: _entropy_ s3.entropy.length: 4 (default)
s3.entropy.key defines the string in paths that is replaced by the random characters. Paths that do not contain the entropy key are left unchanged.
If a file system operation does not pass the “inject entropy” write option, the entropy key substring is simply removed.
s3.entropy.length defines the number of random alphanumeric characters used for entropy.