CTE
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Common Table Expression (CTE) #

Description #

A Common Table Expression (CTE) is a temporary result set derived from a query specified in a WITH clause, which immediately precedes a SELECT or INSERT keyword. The CTE is defined only with the execution scope of a single statement, and can be referred in the scope.

Syntax #

withClause: WITH cteClause [ , ... ]
cteClause: cte_name AS (select statement)

Note:

  • The WITH clause is not supported within Sub-Query block
  • CTEs are supported in Views, CTAS and INSERT statement
  • Recursive Queries are not supported

Examples #

WITH q1 AS ( SELECT key FROM src WHERE key = '5')
SELECT *
FROM q1;

-- chaining CTEs
WITH q1 AS ( SELECT key FROM q2 WHERE key = '5'),
q2 AS ( SELECT key FROM src WHERE key = '5')
SELECT * FROM (SELECT key FROM q1) a;

-- insert example
WITH q1 AS ( SELECT key, value FROM src WHERE key = '5')
FROM q1
INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE t1
SELECT *;

-- ctas example
CREATE TABLE t2 AS
WITH q1 AS ( SELECT key FROM src WHERE key = '4')
SELECT * FROM q1;