SELECT & WHERE clause #

Batch Streaming

The general syntax of the SELECT statement is:

SELECT select_list FROM table_expression [ WHERE boolean_expression ]

The table_expression refers to any source of data. It could be an existing table, view, or VALUES clause, the joined results of multiple existing tables, or a subquery. Assuming that the table is available in the catalog, the following would read all rows from Orders.


The select_list specification * means the query will resolve all columns. However, usage of * is discouraged in production because it makes queries less robust to catalog changes. Instead, a select_list can specify a subset of available columns or make calculations using said columns. For example, if Orders has columns named order_id, price, and tax you could write the following query:

SELECT order_id, price + tax FROM Orders

Queries can also consume from inline data using the VALUES clause. Each tuple corresponds to one row and an alias may be provided to assign names to each column.

SELECT order_id, price FROM (VALUES (1, 2.0), (2, 3.1))  AS t (order_id, price)

Rows can be filtered based on a WHERE clause.

SELECT price + tax FROM Orders WHERE id = 10

Additionally, built-in and user-defined scalar functions can be invoked on the columns of a single row. User-defined functions must be registered in a catalog before use.


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