Metric Reporters
This documentation is for an unreleased version of Apache Flink. We recommend you use the latest stable version.

Metric Reporters #

Flink allows reporting metrics to external systems. For more information about Flink’s metric system go to the metric system documentation.

Metrics can be exposed to an external system by configuring one or several reporters in conf/flink-conf.yaml. These reporters will be instantiated on each job and task manager when they are started.

Below is a list of parameters that are generally applicable to all reporters. All properties are configured by setting metrics.reporter.<reporter_name>.<property> in the configuration. Reporters may additionally offer implementation-specific parameters, which are documented in the respective reporter’s section.

Key Default Type Description
factory.class
(none) String The reporter factory class to use for the reporter named <name>.
interval
10 s Duration The reporter interval to use for the reporter named <name>. Only applicable to push-based reporters.
scope.delimiter
"." String The delimiter used to assemble the metric identifier for the reporter named <name>.
scope.variables.additional
Map The map of additional variables that should be included for the reporter named <name>. Only applicable to tag-based reporters.
scope.variables.excludes
"." String The set of variables that should be excluded for the reporter named <name>. Only applicable to tag-based reporters.
filter.includes
"*:*:*" List<String> The metrics that should be included for the reporter named <name>. Filters are specified as a list, with each filter following this format:
<scope>[:<name>[,<name>][:<type>[,<type>]]]
A metric matches a filter if the scope pattern and at least one of the name patterns and at least one of the types match.
  • scope: Filters based on the logical scope.
    Specified as a pattern where * matches any sequence of characters and . separates scope components.

    For example:
    "jobmanager.job" matches any job-related metrics on the JobManager,
    "*.job" matches all job-related metrics and
    "*.job.*" matches all metrics below the job-level (i.e., task/operator metrics etc.).

  • name: Filters based on the metric name.
    Specified as a comma-separate list of patterns where * matches any sequence of characters.

    For example, "*Records*,*Bytes*" matches any metrics where the name contains "Records" or "Bytes".

  • type: Filters based on the metric type. Specified as a comma-separated list of metric types: [counter, meter, gauge, histogram]
Examples:
  • "*:numRecords*" Matches metrics like numRecordsIn.
  • "*.job.task.operator:numRecords*" Matches metrics like numRecordsIn on the operator level.
  • "*.job.task.operator:numRecords*:meter" Matches meter metrics like numRecordsInPerSecond on the operator level.
  • "*:numRecords*,numBytes*:counter,meter" Matches all counter/meter metrics like or numRecordsInPerSecond.
filter.excludes
List<String> The metrics that should be excluded for the reporter named <name>. The format is identical to filter.includes
<parameter>
(none) String Configures the parameter <parameter> for the reporter named <name>.

All reporter configurations must contain the factory.class property. Some reporters (referred to as Scheduled) allow specifying a reporting interval.

Example reporter configuration that specifies multiple reporters:

metrics.reporters: my_jmx_reporter,my_other_reporter

metrics.reporter.my_jmx_reporter.factory.class: org.apache.flink.metrics.jmx.JMXReporterFactory
metrics.reporter.my_jmx_reporter.port: 9020-9040
metrics.reporter.my_jmx_reporter.scope.variables.excludes: job_id;task_attempt_num
metrics.reporter.my_jmx_reporter.scope.variables.additional: cluster_name:my_test_cluster,tag_name:tag_value

metrics.reporter.my_other_reporter.factory.class: org.apache.flink.metrics.graphite.GraphiteReporterFactory
metrics.reporter.my_other_reporter.host: 192.168.1.1
metrics.reporter.my_other_reporter.port: 10000

Important: The jar containing the reporter must be accessible when Flink is started. Reporters are loaded as plugins. All reporters documented on this page are available by default.

You can write your own Reporter by implementing the org.apache.flink.metrics.reporter.MetricReporter interface. If the Reporter should send out reports regularly you have to implement the Scheduled interface as well. By additionally implementing a MetricReporterFactory your reporter can also be loaded as a plugin.

Identifiers vs. tags #

There are generally 2 formats for how reporters export metrics.

Identifier-based reporters assemble a flat string containing all scope information and the metric name. An example could be job.MyJobName.numRestarts.

Tag-based reporters on the other hand define a generic class of metrics consisting of a logical scope and metric name (e.g., job.numRestarts), and report a particular instance of said metric as a set of key-value pairs, so called “tags” or “variables” (e.g., “jobName=MyJobName”).

Push vs. Pull #

Metrics are exported either via pushes or pulls.

Push-based reporters usually implement the Scheduled interface and periodically send a summary of current metrics to an external system.

Pull-based reporters are queried from an external system instead.

Reporters #

The following sections list the supported reporters.

JMX #

(org.apache.flink.metrics.jmx.JMXReporter) #

Type: pull/tags

Parameters:

  • port - (optional) the port on which JMX listens for connections. In order to be able to run several instances of the reporter on one host (e.g. when one TaskManager is colocated with the JobManager) it is advisable to use a port range like 9250-9260. When a range is specified the actual port is shown in the relevant job or task manager log. If this setting is set Flink will start an extra JMX connector for the given port/range. Metrics are always available on the default local JMX interface.

Example configuration:

metrics.reporter.jmx.factory.class: org.apache.flink.metrics.jmx.JMXReporterFactory
metrics.reporter.jmx.port: 8789

Metrics exposed through JMX are identified by a domain and a list of key-properties, which together form the object name.

The domain always begins with org.apache.flink followed by a generalized metric identifier. In contrast to the usual identifier it is not affected by scope-formats, does not contain any variables and is constant across jobs. An example for such a domain would be org.apache.flink.job.task.numBytesOut.

The key-property list contains the values for all variables, regardless of configured scope formats, that are associated with a given metric. An example for such a list would be host=localhost,job_name=MyJob,task_name=MyTask.

The domain thus identifies a metric class, while the key-property list identifies one (or multiple) instances of that metric.

Graphite #

(org.apache.flink.metrics.graphite.GraphiteReporter) #

Type: push/identifier

Parameters:

  • host - the Graphite server host
  • port - the Graphite server port
  • protocol - protocol to use (TCP/UDP)

Example configuration:

metrics.reporter.grph.factory.class: org.apache.flink.metrics.graphite.GraphiteReporterFactory
metrics.reporter.grph.host: localhost
metrics.reporter.grph.port: 2003
metrics.reporter.grph.protocol: TCP
metrics.reporter.grph.interval: 60 SECONDS

InfluxDB #

(org.apache.flink.metrics.influxdb.InfluxdbReporter) #

Type: push/tags

Parameters:

Key Default Type Description
connectTimeout
10000 Integer (optional) the InfluxDB connect timeout for metrics
consistency
ONE

Enum

(optional) the InfluxDB consistency level for metrics

Possible values:
  • "ALL"
  • "ANY"
  • "ONE"
  • "QUORUM"
db
(none) String the InfluxDB database to store metrics
host
(none) String the InfluxDB server host
password
(none) String (optional) InfluxDB username's password used for authentication
port
8086 Integer the InfluxDB server port
retentionPolicy
(none) String (optional) the InfluxDB retention policy for metrics
scheme
http

Enum

the InfluxDB schema

Possible values:
  • "http"
  • "https"
username
(none) String (optional) InfluxDB username used for authentication
writeTimeout
10000 Integer (optional) the InfluxDB write timeout for metrics

Example configuration:

metrics.reporter.influxdb.factory.class: org.apache.flink.metrics.influxdb.InfluxdbReporterFactory
metrics.reporter.influxdb.scheme: http
metrics.reporter.influxdb.host: localhost
metrics.reporter.influxdb.port: 8086
metrics.reporter.influxdb.db: flink
metrics.reporter.influxdb.username: flink-metrics
metrics.reporter.influxdb.password: qwerty
metrics.reporter.influxdb.retentionPolicy: one_hour
metrics.reporter.influxdb.consistency: ANY
metrics.reporter.influxdb.connectTimeout: 60000
metrics.reporter.influxdb.writeTimeout: 60000
metrics.reporter.influxdb.interval: 60 SECONDS

The reporter would send metrics using http protocol to the InfluxDB server with the specified retention policy (or the default policy specified on the server). All Flink metrics variables (see List of all Variables) are exported as InfluxDB tags.

Prometheus #

(org.apache.flink.metrics.prometheus.PrometheusReporter) #

Type: pull/tags

Parameters:

  • port - (optional) the port the Prometheus exporter listens on, defaults to 9249. In order to be able to run several instances of the reporter on one host (e.g. when one TaskManager is colocated with the JobManager) it is advisable to use a port range like 9250-9260.
  • filterLabelValueCharacters - (optional) Specifies whether to filter label value characters. If enabled, all characters not matching [a-zA-Z0-9:_] will be removed, otherwise no characters will be removed. Before disabling this option please ensure that your label values meet the Prometheus requirements.

Example configuration:

metrics.reporter.prom.factory.class: org.apache.flink.metrics.prometheus.PrometheusReporterFactory

Flink metric types are mapped to Prometheus metric types as follows:

Flink Prometheus Note
Counter Gauge Prometheus counters cannot be decremented.
Gauge Gauge Only numbers and booleans are supported.
Histogram Summary Quantiles .5, .75, .95, .98, .99 and .999
Meter Gauge The gauge exports the meter’s rate.

All Flink metrics variables (see List of all Variables) are exported to Prometheus as labels.

PrometheusPushGateway #

(org.apache.flink.metrics.prometheus.PrometheusPushGatewayReporter) #

Type: push/tags

Parameters:

Key Default Type Description
deleteOnShutdown
true Boolean Specifies whether to delete metrics from the PushGateway on shutdown. Flink will try its best to delete the metrics but this is not guaranteed. See here for more details.
filterLabelValueCharacters
true Boolean Specifies whether to filter label value characters. If enabled, all characters not matching [a-zA-Z0-9:_] will be removed, otherwise no characters will be removed. Before disabling this option please ensure that your label values meet the Prometheus requirements.
groupingKey
(none) String Specifies the grouping key which is the group and global labels of all metrics. The label name and value are separated by '=', and labels are separated by ';', e.g., k1=v1;k2=v2. Please ensure that your grouping key meets the Prometheus requirements.
hostUrl
(none) String The PushGateway server host URL including scheme, host name, and port.
jobName
(none) String The job name under which metrics will be pushed
randomJobNameSuffix
true Boolean Specifies whether a random suffix should be appended to the job name.

Example configuration:

metrics.reporter.promgateway.factory.class: org.apache.flink.metrics.prometheus.PrometheusPushGatewayReporterFactory
metrics.reporter.promgateway.hostUrl: http://localhost:9091
metrics.reporter.promgateway.jobName: myJob
metrics.reporter.promgateway.randomJobNameSuffix: true
metrics.reporter.promgateway.deleteOnShutdown: false
metrics.reporter.promgateway.groupingKey: k1=v1;k2=v2
metrics.reporter.promgateway.interval: 60 SECONDS

The PrometheusPushGatewayReporter pushes metrics to a Pushgateway, which can be scraped by Prometheus.

Please see the Prometheus documentation for use-cases.

StatsD #

(org.apache.flink.metrics.statsd.StatsDReporter) #

Type: push/identifier

Parameters:

  • host - the StatsD server host
  • port - the StatsD server port

Example configuration:

metrics.reporter.stsd.factory.class: org.apache.flink.metrics.statsd.StatsDReporterFactory
metrics.reporter.stsd.host: localhost
metrics.reporter.stsd.port: 8125
metrics.reporter.stsd.interval: 60 SECONDS

Datadog #

(org.apache.flink.metrics.datadog.DatadogHttpReporter) #

Type: push/tags

Note any variables in Flink metrics, such as <host>, <job_name>, <tm_id>, <subtask_index>, <task_name>, and <operator_name>, will be sent to Datadog as tags. Tags will look like host:localhost and job_name:myjobname.

Note For legacy reasons the reporter uses both the metric identifier and tags. This redundancy can be avoided by enabling useLogicalIdentifier.

Note Histograms are exposed as a series of gauges following the naming convention of Datadog histograms (<metric_name>.<aggregation>). The min aggregation is reported by default, whereas sum is not available. In contrast to Datadog-provided Histograms the reported aggregations are not computed for a specific reporting interval.

Parameters:

  • apikey - the Datadog API key
  • proxyHost - (optional) The proxy host to use when sending to Datadog.
  • proxyPort - (optional) The proxy port to use when sending to Datadog, defaults to 8080.
  • dataCenter - (optional) The data center (EU/US) to connect to, defaults to US.
  • maxMetricsPerRequest - (optional) The maximum number of metrics to include in each request, defaults to 2000.
  • useLogicalIdentifier -> (optional) Whether the reporter uses a logical metric identifier, defaults to false.

Example configuration:

metrics.reporter.dghttp.factory.class: org.apache.flink.metrics.datadog.DatadogHttpReporterFactory
metrics.reporter.dghttp.apikey: xxx
metrics.reporter.dghttp.proxyHost: my.web.proxy.com
metrics.reporter.dghttp.proxyPort: 8080
metrics.reporter.dghttp.dataCenter: US
metrics.reporter.dghttp.maxMetricsPerRequest: 2000
metrics.reporter.dghttp.interval: 60 SECONDS
metrics.reporter.dghttp.useLogicalIdentifier: true

Slf4j #

(org.apache.flink.metrics.slf4j.Slf4jReporter) #

Type: push/identifier

Example configuration:

metrics.reporter.slf4j.factory.class: org.apache.flink.metrics.slf4j.Slf4jReporterFactory
metrics.reporter.slf4j.interval: 60 SECONDS

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